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"Perio" means around and "dontal" means tooth. Periodontal disease is an infection that gradually destroys the tissue surrounding your teeth and the jawbone that supports them. Nearly 3 out of 4 people will be afflicted with with some form of gum disease at sometime in their life. This, if left untreated, often progress to Periodontitis and eventual tooth loss.
Our mouth is full of bacteria. In fact , our teeth are constantly being coated with a white layer(film) of debris and bacteria. This layer is called plaque. In a healthy mouth there is a natural balance of different bacteria. You can never completely get rid of all the bacteria in your mouth, but brushing and flossing help reduce the bacteria by removing plaque. If plaque is not removed over time, it will harden to form calculus( tartar). Thi calculus must then be removed by a Dentist.
Stage1: Gingivitis poor brushing and flossing habits allow dental plaque to build up on teeth. Plaque contains germs which cause gum disease. Early signs of gingivitis may include some swelling, bleeding, tenderness or bad breath. At this point, gums may be loose, but are still attached high on the teeth. This inflammation of the gums is called gingivitis and is the first stage of gum disease.
When gingivitis is left untreated, plaque is allowed to accumulate and it begins to calcify ( harden) and forms calculus slowly begins to break down the gum and bone support of the teeth, leading to pocket formation and bone destruction. As the disease progresses, more bone get destroyed, the teeth loosen and eventually fall out or extracted. Periodontitis is a silent disease, where the bacterial infection of the gums and the supporting tissues usually occurs with pain.Signs of Perioddontitis include:
Stage 3: Advanced Periodontitis
You may experience receding gums with exposed roots, darker calculus, pus if you press on your gums, and some symptoms from stage 1 and 2.
Treatment of periodontal disease depends on how much damage the disease has caused. Since periodontitis affects more than just the gums, it cannot be controlled with regular brushing and flossing. Treatment of periodontal disease is often extensive. The primary goals of all professional treatment are to promote reattachment of healthy gums to teeth, to reduce swelling, the depth of pockets, and the risk of infection, and stop further damage. Treatment options may be non surgical or surgical.
In later stage of the disease, depending on the severity, and of the following procedures may be indicated.
Just professional treatment is not a cure for gum disease; it needs your dedication . Follow these simple tips as part of a self care programmed;
Andrew / Poland
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